An earlier estimate shows that there is a need to generate about 420,000 units for low-income groups by 2016. [353] Chennai is an important gold market in India contributing to 45 percent of the 800-tonne annual national gold uptake. It consists of 121 police stations and is headed by a commissioner of police. As of 2012, there were about 300 Sikh families residing in the city. [358] Chennai handles 400 flights a day, again placing it fourth among Indian airports. [9] Chennai has a broad industrial base in the automobile, computer, technology, hardware manufacturing and healthcare sectors. Chennai city is governed by Municipal Corporation and is situated in Chennai Urban Region. The early dubashes or Indian merchants who worked for the British East India Company were devout Hindus. The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) is the nodal agency responsible for planning and development of Chennai Metropolitan Area, which is spread over an area of 1,189 km2 (459 sq mi),[131] covering the Chennai district and parts of Tiruvallur, Kanchipuram and Chengalpattu districts. The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Chennai district for 2011 is 26,553 people per sq. Sandy areas are found along the river banks and coasts, and include areas such as Tiruvottiyur, George Town, Madhavaram, New Washermanpet, Chepauk, Mylapore, Porur, Adyar, Besant Nagar and Uthandi. ; India ranks number 2 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. [339] An estimated 4.5 percent of the city's area is under green cover. [321], With temples, beaches and centres of historical and cultural significance, including the UNESCO Heritage Site of Mahabalipuram, Chennai is one of the most-visited cities in India. Tamil Nadu Population 2021: Tamil Nadu is the tenth largest Indian state by area and the sixth largest by population. Chennai is also the birthplace of several regional political movements since the British era. New: Updated with 2019 numbers. [141] In 2010, the crime rate in the city was 169.2 per 100,000 people, as against an average of 341.9 in the 35 major cities of India. [379] Royapuram fishing harbour is used by fishing boats and Kattupalli Shipyard near Ennore Port was inaugurated in January 2013. [342] The largest park is the 358-acre Tholkappia Poonga, developed to restore the fragile ecosystem of the Adyar estuary. Known as the ‘Gateway to South India,’ Chennai is a major administrative and cultural center. It was ranked among the top globally in issuing 'L' and 'H' category visas for workers and professionals and was ranked eighth globally in terms of all category of visas being issued. [142] In 2011, North Chennai zone had 30 police stations and 3 police out posts, Central Chennai zone had 28 police stations and 3 police out posts, and South Chennai zone had 30 police stations. km. [120] Floods are common during this period. There are five classes of population density found in the coastal taluks of Tamil Nadu. Chennaiites signing up for German lessons on the rise | Chennai News – Times of India", "Population By Religious Community – Tamil Nadu", "The magic of melting pot called Chennai", "Sindhis to usher in new year with fanfare", "Why Oriyas find Chennai warm and hospitable", "Chennai in top 25 real estate destinations in Asia-Pacific: PwC survey", "Indian tri-colour hoisted at Chennai in 1947 to be on display", "Torching prejudice through gumption and Gaana", "Chennai emerging as India's Silicon Valley? The DMK decided to enter into politics in 1956. [87], Chennai's soil is mostly clay, shale and sandstone. The government-aided hospitals include General Hospital, Adyar Cancer Institute, TB Sanatorium, and National Institute of Siddha. [258] It is estimated that about 400 financial industry businesses are headquartered in the city,[259] half of which are located in the areas of Mylapore, R. A. Puram, Nungambakkam and T. [426] Formula One driver Karun Chandhok was born in Chennai. The enumeration showed that the number of individuals in the state developed by 15.6% when diverged from 11.7% in the earlier decade. [51] The British regained control in 1749 through the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle and strengthened the town's fortress wall to withstand further attacks from the French and Hyder Ali, the Sultan of Mysore. Chemplast Cricket Ground located at the IIT Madras campus is another important venue for cricket matches. Major multiplexes include Sathyam Cinemas, Escape cinemas, Devi, Abirami complex and Mayajaal. With a population density of 26,903 persons per square kilometre, the city had 1 policeman for every 413 people. 1917. Thus the density of Chennai district is 26,553 people per square kilometer. According to the 2011 census, the population of Chennai Corporation was roughly around 6.7 million (with in its 426 sq. Madras Boat Club (founded in 1846) and the Royal Madras Yacht Club (founded by Sir Francis Spring in 1911) promote the sailing sports in Chennai, and organise national and international sailing events. Chennai outer ring road is 62.3 km long connecting NH 45 (GST Road) at Perungalathur, NH 4 (GWT Road) at Nazarathpet, NH 205 (CTH Road) at Nemilicherry (Thiruninravur), NH 5 (GNT Road) at Nallur and TPP road at Minjur under the process by Chennai Metropolitan Area. The Chennai suburban police had about 4,093 police personnel and a ratio of 1:1,222. [11] Alexander Hamilton in New Account of the East Indies and Persia (1718) wrote, The colony is well peopled, for there is computed to be 80,000 inhabitants in the towns and villages; and there is generally about 4,500 Europeans residing there...[11]. The population density of the city of Chennai is 17,000 people per square kilometre. Sculpted caves and paintings have been identified from that period. The southern stretch of Chennai's coast from Tiruvanmiyur to Neelangarai are favoured by the endangered olive ridley sea turtles to lay eggs every winter. [254], Chennai has a diversified economic base anchored by the automobile, software services, hardware manufacturing, health care and financial services industries. He was successful in obtaining the lease of a strip of land about 10 kilometres (6 mi) long and 1.6 km (1 mi) inland in return for a yearly sum of five hundred lakh pagodas. [238], The city has a diverse theatre scene and is one of the important centres for Bharata Natyam, a classical dance form that originated in Tamil Nadu and is the oldest dance of India. List of countries ordered by their population size. Lady Lawley Cottage (Western Australian Red Cross) 2008 iBooks, Sir Arthur Lawley's Photo Album, Empire and Commonwealth Museum, fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India, 36th-largest urban area by population in the world, Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority, Chennai MetroWater Supply and Sewage Board, fourth- to sixth-most productive metro area, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, seven government-owned transport corporations, List of Tamil-language television channels, Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations, 1987,1996 and 2011 ICC Cricket World Cups, List of twin towns and sister cities in India, "Chennai Expansion Could Be Tricky, Suggests History", "India Stats: Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011", "Chennai Corporation is re-christened Greater Chennai Corporation", "Tamil Nādu (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts", "India's top 15 cities with the highest GDP Photos Yahoo! Population Density of India is 364 per sq km as per census 2011. [35], The name Madras is also of native origin, and has been shown to have been in use before the British established a presence in India. [391] Magazines published from Chennai include Ananda Vikatan, Kumudam, Kalki, Kungumam, Puthiya Thalaimurai, Thuglak, Frontline and Sportstar, Doordarshan runs two terrestrial television channels and two satellite television channels from its Chennai centre, which was set up in 1974. Child population (0-6) in urban region was 459,324 of which males and females were 235,519 and 223,805. The city ranked 22nd in the list. [174], With the advent of the Mugals and the British, the city saw a rise in a blend of Hindu, Islamic and Gothic revival styles, resulting in the distinct Indo-Saracenic architecture. [345][346] However, several fatal accidents have occurred in the theme parks. It is the oldest surviving municipal corporation in India and the second oldest surviving corporation in the world. Kolkata, which boasts the smallest vehicle population at just under half a million vehicles, has a much higher density compared to Delhi. Historically, Chennai has relied on the annual rains of the monsoon season to replenish water reservoirs, as no major rivers flow through the area. The Indian Army's Officers Training Academy is also headquartered in the city. [312] Chennai attracts about 45 percent of health tourists from abroad and 30 percent to 40 percent of domestic health tourists. They may even move towards Orissa, west Bengal, Bangladesh, and also Myanmar. The hottest part of the year is late May to early June, known regionally as Agni Nakshatram ("fire star") or as Kathiri Veyyil,[108] with maximum temperatures around 35–40 °C (95–104 °F). Annadurai left the party to form the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). The current population of India is 1,386,864,002 as of Sunday, January 3, 2021, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. [292] Several foreign banks have established their branches in the city. The saint Vayilar Nayanar was born and brought up in Mylapore. is under rural region. [393][394] Chennai is the first city in India to have implemented the Conditional Access System for cable television. Of the existing housing stock in the city, about 200,000 houses are not in good condition, necessitating either to rebuild or build new units. Population Density. Migration (including immigration and emigration) decreases population by 323,926 people yearly. [364] Phase I of the Chennai Metro network consists of the Blue Line and the Green Line covering a length of 45.1 kilometres (28.0 mi) consisting of 40 stations with Alandur and Chennai Central serving as interchanges. Tamil Nadu is situated approximately between 8° 5′ North and 13° 35′ North latitudes and 76° 15′ East and 80° 20′ East longitudes. [176] [204] Korean, Japanese, French, Mandarin Chinese, Russian, German and Spanish are some of the languages spoken by the 250,000 foreign expatriates residing in the city. Chennai has witnessed a tremendous growth in its manufacturing, retail, health care and IT … The first Iranis came to Madras around 1900 and soon became known for their Irani cafes and also established or managed theatres. The first census of India taken in 1871 gave a population of 397,552. Chennai is home to Chennai Slam,[424] two-time national champion of India's top professional basketball division, the UBA Pro Basketball League. The important among them are the Chennakesava Perumal Temple, Chenna Mallesvarar Temple Kapaleeswarar Temple, Parthasarathy Temple, Vadapalani Andavar Temple, Ashtalakshmi Kovil, Kalikambal Temple and the Thiruvalluvar Temple. [151] However, due to the differences between its two leaders Periyar and C. N. Annadurai, the party was split. Even today, many of the banking offices are housed in heritage structures belonging to the colonial era that are chiefly clustered around Rajaji Road in George Town. Coimbatore Religion Population Question: What is the population of Chennai? Working Committee of the Congress. [306] Availability of power in the city has become a concern in recent years due to increasing demand and slow paced addition of power plants, due to which scheduled power cuts have become increasingly common. Water sports are played in the Velachery Aquatic Complex. [26] Chennai is also home to some choirs, who during the Christmas season stage various carol performances across the city in Tamil and English. [97] Madras Crocodile Bank Trust is a herpetology research station, located 40 kilometres (25 mi) south of Chennai. [360] The new airport is said to be likely to handle cargo spillover traffic from the existing one.[361]. Chennai city is governed by the Greater Chennai Corporation (formerly "Corporation of Madras"), which was established in 1688. After Independence, it remained the centre of political activities of the state of Tamil Nadu. [2] According to the 2011 census Chennai then had a total population of 4,681,087 at a density of 26,902 per square kilometre; the sex ratio was 986 and literacy rate was 90.33%. The fair is typically held for about 10 days between the last week of December and the third week of January. Guindy National Park, a protected area of Tamil Nadu, has a children's park and a snake park, which gained statutory recognition as a medium zoo from the Central Zoo Authority of India in 1995. 80 82 85 105 112 111 136 192 187 218 247 *Note: Arrived for a unit area for the purpose of comparison since the city extent varied over time. In 1843, the bank merged with the Carnatic Bank (1788), the British Bank of Madras (1795) and the Asiatic Bank (1804) and became the Bank of Madras, which was one of the three Presidency banks of India, the other two being the Bank of Bengal and the Bank of Bombay. The city has a sex ratio of 899 females to 1,000 males. [405] Colleges for science, arts, and commerce degrees are typically affiliated with the University of Madras, which has six campuses in the city. [327], Chennai is the base for Tamil cinema, sometimes nicknamed as Kollywood, alluding to the neighbourhood of Kodambakkam where a number of film studios are located. After Independence, the city witnessed a rise in the Modernism style of architecture. [237] Pookolam, a form of art that uses coloured flour to create patterns and designs, comes from Kerala, but can be seen in abundance at the time of Onam. km. Mary.[42]. Chennai is nicknamed "The Detroit of India",[1] with more than one-third of India's automobile industry being based in the city. [161] The corporation also owns 52 community halls across the city. English is commonly used as a second language by white-collar workers. [366] Phase I-A, which is an extension of the Blue line from Washermanpet to Thiruvottiyur is expected to be inaugurated by June 2020. [239] An important cultural centre for Bharata Natyam is Kalakshetra, on the beach in the south of the city. [430] Other sports persons of repute from Chennai include table tennis players Sharath Kamal and two–time world carrom champion, Maria Irudayam. Nagar. According to the 1991 Census, the biggest city was Greater Mumbai, with a population of 12.59 million, followed by Kolkata (11.02 million), Delhi (8.42 million), and Chennai (5.42 million). [374] It is the main intercity bus station of Chennai,[375] administered by seven government-owned transport corporations, which operate intercity and interstate bus services. [386] The major business dailies published from the city are The Economic Times, The Hindu Business Line, Business Standard, Mint and The Financial Express. [400] Public schools run by the Chennai Corporation are all affiliated with the Tamil Nadu State Board, while private schools may be affiliated with either of the Tamil Nadu Board of Secondary Education or the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). [99] Nearly half of the native plant species in the city's wetlands have disappeared in recent years. About 75,000 birds migrate to Chennai every year. Name Status Population Census (Cf) 1991-03-01 Population Census (Cf) 2001-03-01 ... Chennai [Madras] Aggl: 5,421,985: 6,560,242: 8,653,521: [261] A large number of automotive companies including Royal enfield, Hyundai, Renault, Robert Bosch, Nissan Motors, Ashok Leyland, Yamaha Motor, Daimler AG, Caterpillar Inc., Komatsu Limited, BharatBenz, Ford, BMW and Mitsubishi have manufacturing plants in Chennai. Population density shows how cramped or spread out inhabitants are. [13] In 1891, the percentage of people who speak Tamil was 60.4% followed by Telugu 22.25% and the percentage of people who speak Tamil as their mother tongue had increased from 61.2 in 1901 to 76.7 in 1991 while those who speak Telugu had fallen from 21.3 in 1901 to 10.5 in 1991 and those of Urdu from 9.1 in 1901 to 2.8 in 1991 and English from 3.1 in 1901 to 0.3 in 1991. For example, in 2007 a major cyclone named "Cyclone Sidr" skipped Chennai and headed towards Bangladesh. [75] On 26 December 2004, an Indian Ocean tsunami lashed the shores of Chennai, killing 206 people in Chennai and permanently altering the coastline. [76][77] The 2015 Chennai Floods submerged major portions of the city, killing 269 people and resulting in damages of ₹86.4 billion (US$1 billion). [330] Chennai's expansive theatre network stages many Tamil plays of many genres: political satire, slapstick comedy, history, mythology and drama. According to the Korea Trade Centre, the city has over 150 Korean companies, including Hyundai Motors, Samsung, LG, and Lotte. The Benefits of Empire, Lady Lawley Cottage (Western Australian Red Cross) 2008 iBook, Notes on the Administration of Sir Arthur Lawley, Governor of Madras, 1906–1911. The city serves as the gateway to the southern part of India with tourists landing in the city and then visiting the rest of the region. [399] Chennai has a mix of public and private schools, some of which also receive financial support from the government. Chennai is also an important centre of the Ramakrishna Order whose oldest institution the Sri Ramakrishna Math was founded in Chennai in May 1897. Madras had a total population of 397,552 in 1871 making it India's third most populous city after Calcutta and Bombay. [143], In 2009, Madras Central Prison, one of the oldest prisons in India, built over 11 acres (4 ha) of land, was demolished; the prisoners were moved to Puzhal Central Prison. [337] The Arignar Anna Zoological Park, one of the largest zoological parks in the world, annually attracts nearly 2 million visitors. [26], The Chennai Metropolitan Area is one of the largest municipal economies of India. [167] Electricity is distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board. Many of them live in Royapuram. population density and growth of chennai: The population density of the city is about 14,350 persons per square kilometer. Under the gamut of the CMDA are 5 parliamentary and 28 assembly constituencies. Chennai, formerly known as Madras, city, capital of Tamil Nadu state, southern India, on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal. Gmaps render. [123][124] In 2011, the jurisdiction of the Chennai Corporation was expanded from 174 km2 (67 sq mi) to an area of 426 km2 (164 sq mi),[125] dividing into three regions—North, South and Central, which covers 200 wards. (i) India’s population as per 2001 census is: (a) 1028 million (b) 3182 million (c) 3287 million (d) 20 million […] Table describing state wise Population Density of India. The city's contiguous satellite towns include Mahabalipuram in the south, Chengalpattu and Maraimalai Nagar in the southwest, and Sriperumpudur, Arakkonam, Kanchipuram and Tiruvallur to the west. The Benefits of Empire. [165] Garbage is dumped in two dump-yards in the city—One in Kodungaiyur and another in Pallikaranai, with a major portion of the latter covering the Pallikaranai marshland. There was no official priest in the community for over 100 years till 1906. Population Projections. [242][243], Chennai is divided into four broad regions: North, Central, South, and West. Founded in 1640, and a major centre of the British empire, its growth … [23] Some expatriates have also opened Korean restaurants, aimed largely at their co-ethnics rather than local Indians. The Sun Network one of India's largest broadcasting companies is based in the city. While three sectors are operated on-grade, the fourth sector is primarily an elevated corridor, linking Chennai Beach to Velachery and is connected with the rest of the rail network. Learn more about the history and characteristics of Chennai in this article. [225], As of 2017, there are more than 2.2 million households, with 40 percent of the residents not owning a house. Around 5-6 lakh Nepali speaking people live in Chennai since a long time, half of them are Indian originated from various parts of North East and Darjeeling, Kalimpong and Duars part of West Bengal and also from Sikkim, rest are from Nepal, the Nepali speaking people are engaged in various professions like beauty and salon, hotel and services, guard for houses and also in IT and teachings. As per data released by Govt. [149][150] In 1944, the party was renamed Dravidar Kazhagam (DK) by E. V. Ramasami (popularly known as 'Periyar'). ; India population is equivalent to 17.7% of the total world population. Delhi … On 20 June 2013, the city consumed the highest of 52,785 MU. [172][173] The heritage temples at Mamallapuram at the outskirts of the city are some of the examples of the Pallava architecture. Chennai district administers 175 square kilometers of areas. The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium is associated for hosting Football and athletic competitions, it also houses a multi–purpose indoor complex for competition in volleyball, basketball and table tennis. According to Forbes magazine, Chennai is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world and is ranked among the "Forbes-Top 10 Fastest Growing Cities in the World". The first stretch of Phase I, covering seven stations from Koyambedu to Alandur over a distance of 10 kilometres (6.2 mi), began operation on 29 June 2015. [11] [371][372] The Gemini flyover, built in 1973, crosses over the arterial road, and eases the traffic movements towards Anna Salai and towards the Kathipara Flyover. The larger suburbs are governed by town municipalities and the smaller ones are governed by town councils called panchayats. This architecture includes various styles, such as those of the Pallavas, the Cholas, and the Vijayanagara empires. The population of the southern city of Chennai in India amounted to about ten million inhabitants. Some areas of the city have the problem of excess iron content in groundwater. The 3,175-km-long, 8-fiber-paired i2i has the world's largest design capacity of 8.4 terabits per second. The total area of Chennai is 175 with population density of 26553 per Chennai is by far the most densely populated city in Tamil Nadu, with a density of 26,553 people per square kilometers, very far ahead of the next city, Kanyakumari with … Learn more about the history and characteristics of Chennai in this article. In Mylapore of beautiful groves,The waves creep up to the shore and then dance on itAs do the fisherfolk who spear the many fish in the waters,Kapaleeswaram in its plenty celebrates the Thiruvadhirai festival,Is it done for you to miss this excitement, Poompavai? 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