The district has many privately run colleges and universities (including religious and special-purpose institutions). Samadhis of the two most revered Marathi Bhakti saints (Dnyaneshwar and Tukaram) are in Alandi and Dehu, respectively. [60] The best-known kotwal in Pune during Peshwa rule was Ghashiram Kotwal, and the city's police force was admired by European visitors. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license, excluding photos, directions and the map. Learn how to create your own. It lies between 18° 32″ North latitude and 73° 51″ East longitude. Reviewed Work: Poona in the Eighteenth Century: An Urban History by Balkrishna Govind Gokhale [31] Shivaji traveled the hills and forests of the Sahyadri range with his Maval friends, acquiring skills and familiarity with the land which would be useful in his military career. [123] The district's mountains, forests and reservoirs are popular for hiking and birdwatching. [41] In the Treaty of Purandar (1665), signed by the Mughal general Mirza Jaisingh and Major festivals were Ganeshotsav, the Deccan New Year (Gudi Padwa), Holi, and Dasara. I. Cf. [50] In 1718, Shahu sent him to Delhi to assist the Sayyads; in return for this help, Muhammad Shah (the Mughal emperor in Delhi) granted Shahu sardeshmukhi rights for Pune, Supa, Baramati, Indapur and Junnar. There were 1,530 villages in the district.[92]. He spent most of his time in Gingee, fighting the Mughal siege. [4] Many ancient trade routes linking ports in western India (particularly those of coastal Konkan) with the Deccan Plateau pass through the district. 632-637. Khandala and Lonavala are on this route, which has a number of daily high-speed trains. By his death in 1626, the region's revenue system was sound and fair. A suburban rail system, operated by Central Railway, connects Pune to its suburbs and neighboring villages west of the city. According to archaeological discoveries of the Jorwe culture in Chandoli and Inamgaon, portions of the district have been occupied by humans since the Chalcolithic (the Copper Age, 5th–4th millennium BC). Bhigwan, a catchment area of the Ujjani Dam, is about from Pune on NH-65, the Pune-Solapur highway. Summers, from early March to July, are dry and hot. Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference. [114] The companies used many more private buses than the municipal providers used. The Maharashtra cricket team has its home ground in Pune, playing at the new Maharashtra Cricket Association MCA Cricket Stadium in Gahunje. Shivaji's younger son, Rajaram I, ruled after his brother's death. A winery in Narayangaon produces sparkling wine from locally-grown Thompson seedless grapes. This pune district map is being packed with 10 cool pictures. It (and the empire) recovered during the brief reign of Peshwa Madhavrao. Inter-caste or inter-religious affairs were also resolved with fines. He moved his administration to the newly built Rajgad in 1648 and a year later, when Muhammad Adil Shah of Bijapur took Shahaji hostage, restrained his expansionist schemes. [103] The area around Bhosari was set aside for industrial development by the newly created Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) in the early 1960s, and the corporation provided business infrastructure. Gadgil, D.R., 1945. [5][6][7] The Karla Caves in Karli, near Lonavala, are near the Western Ghats and a major ancient trade route running eastward from the Arabian Sea to the Deccan Plateau. Contributions to Indian Sociology, 29(1), pp.25-37", "LAVANI LITERATURE AS A SOURCE OF SOCIO-CULTURAL HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL MAHARASHTRA", "The Indian empire : its history, topography, government, finance, commerce, and staple products : with a full account of the mutiny of the native troops ...", "Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Poona (2 pts. In 1600, Ahmednagar was captured by the Mughals. [10] Coins found further east in the district, near Indapur, suggest that the region may have been controlled by the Traikutaka king Dahragana in 465 AD; silver coins found at Junnar suggest that the region may also have been ruled by Andhra kings.[11]. Pune is known for its culture and hospitality as much as it is known for the cool getaways from the city. It is one of the most industrialized districts in India. "Water Quality Assessment of Katraj Lake, Pune (Maharashtra, India): A Case Study." PUNE: The district has been divided into 65 zones to micro-monitor and contain the spread of Covid-19. The district has a number of mountain forts and buildings from these eras, in addition to shrines revered by Marathi Hindus (including five of the eight Ashtavinayaka Ganesha temples). The caves are a complex of ancient Indian Buddhist rock-cut shrines which were developed from the second century BC to the fifth century AD; the oldest of the shrines is believed to date to 160 BC. The statistical data, graphs and charts shown offer the information on almost all socio-economic parameters of a district in a very handy format. The Pune-Mumbai line, the district's most important rail route, was built during the British Raj. The kotwal was assisted by police officers who manned the chavdi (police station), and clerks collected fines and paid informants who provided intelligence. Marwari (a Hindi dialect with Marathi influences), Gujarati, Malayalam (47,912), Tamil (47,504), Sindhi (40,602), Vadari (a Telugu dialect; 35.282), Lamani (a Hindi dialect; 30,604), Punjabi (28,500), Bengali (22,628) and Konkani (19,594) are spoken by over 10,000 people. View District map of Maharashtra. [96] The fourth-most-populous of India's 640 districts,[2] it has a population density of 603 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,560/sq mi). In further … He was succeeded on the Marathi throne by his eldest son, Sambhaji, in 1680. [87], In the early part 20th century, hydroelectric plants were installed in the Western Ghats between Pune and Mumbai. Major stations on this route are at Loni Kalbhor and Urali Kanchan. Many Peshwas and their courtiers were patrons of lavani and Maharashtrian dance, and a number of composers (such as Ram Joshi, Anant Phandi, Prabhakar and Honaji Bala) flourished during this period. Pune district has been at the center of Maharashtraian and Marathi history for more than four hundred years, beginning with the Deccan sultanates and followed by the Maratha Empire. On the leeward side of the Western Ghats, it extends to the Deccan Plateau on the east. [112] During the last fifty years, the local sugar mills have played an important role in encouraging political participation and have been a stepping stone for aspiring politicians.[113]. According to the 2001 census, most of the district's population is Hindu; there are also significant minorities of Muslims and Buddhists. [81] Many villages in the west, east and south of the district, such as Lonavla, Uruli Kanchan and Daund, were connected by rail. The hegemonic appropriation of sexuality: The case of the lavani performers of Maharashtra. Size of the map : 72 DPI file is 1200 Pixel wide and 300 DPI file is 2347 Pixel wide, height of the map is proportional to width. Pune district had a population of 9,429,408 in the 2011 census,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Benin. [118], The government of Maharashtra has entrusted responsibility to Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC) for the greenfield Chhatrapati Sambhaji Raje International Airport project,[119] in the Purandar area. Secondary schools are affiliated with the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE), the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) or the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education. The Khalji were followed by another sultanate dynasty, the Tughlaqs. Secondary schools are also run by charitable trusts. Complete details of Population, Religion, Literacy and Sex Ratio in tabular format. There are 14 Talukas, 1877 villages and 35 towns in Pune district. Most are the taluka headquarters or its main town: The growth of the Pune metropolitan area has led to the development of new towns near the city (such as Magarpatta, Amanora and Nanded City and development further from the city in the mountains, such as Lavasa.[94]. His jagir was confirmed, continuing the region's connection with the Bhosale family. In 2011 there were total 2151503 families residing in Pune district. The Poona electric-supply company, a Tata company, received power from the Khopoli (on the Mumbai side of the Ghats) and Bhivpuri plants near the Mulshi dam. Some of these villages, such as Kothrud, Katraj, Hadapsar, Hinjawadi and Baner, have become suburbs of Pune. [85], Areas east of Pune receive less rainfall than areas west of the city adjacent to the Western Ghats. 292. Rath, Jayanti. [86] In 1890 Poona Municipality spent Rs. Pune and the region's forts frequently changed hands between the Mughals and Shivaji. The Pataleshwar rock-cut temple complex was built during this time, and the area included Theur, Uruli, Chorachi Alandi, and Bhosari. The leading role was played by the ambitious Raghunathrao, the younger brother of Nanasaheb, who wanted power at the expense of his nephews Madhavrao I and Narayanrao. Pune District Court is under the High Court's administrative control. Their patronage extended to 164 schools (pathshalas) in the city which taught Hindu holy texts (shastras) to Brahmin men. Pune District is in the state of Maharashtra, India.The district's population was 9,429,408 in the 2011 census, Makes it the fourth-most-populous district amongst India's 640 districts. [66][67][68], Peshwas and knights residing in the city had individual hobbies and interests; Madhavrao II had a private collection of exotic animals, such as lions and rhinoceros, near the Peshwe Park zoo. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Pune District as per Census 2011 [80] The metre-gauge Pune-Miraj line was completed in 1886, making the city a rail junction. Aga Khan Palace 3. Two canals were dug on each riverbank to irrigate land east of the city and supply drinking water to the city and its cantonment. Court decisions are subject to the appellate jurisdiction of Bombay High Court. However, the city's fortunes declined rapidly after the 1795 accession of Baji Rao II. Best Dining in Pune District, Maharashtra: See 75,740 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 7,814 Pune District restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. Pune is one of district of Maharashtra in India. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution (2015)", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue, "Joshi, R., Regulatory Requirements for Starting a School in Poona. Although express trains on these routes skip many smaller stations, local "passenger trains" stop at each station. The district is surrounded by Thane district on the northwest, Raigad district on the west, Satara district on the south, Solapur district on the southeast, and Ahmednagar district on the north and northeast. Traders and Satvahana rulers financed construction of the caves. MIDC parks founded during the 1990s in Shirur and Baramati have attracted foreign companies. Crimes included illicit affairs, violence and murder; in the case of murder, sometimes only a fine was imposed. See this page's contributions. The GIPR extended its line east to Raichur in 1871, where it met the Madras Railway and connected the city to Madras. With the establishment of Nizamshahi rule, with Ahmednagar its headquarters, nearly all of the region was controlled by the Nizamshahi. 247-250. The Daund and Indapur talukas experience more-frequent droughts than Maval, on the district's western edge. The town of Junnar has been an important trading and political center for the last two thousand years, and it was first mentioned by Greco-Roman travellers in the early first millennium AD. Baramati Airport, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Baramati and 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Pune and used for pilot training and charter flights, was being planned in 2011 as a private-jet hub by Reliance Infrastructure.[120]. Economic and Political Weekly Many early Indian nationalists and Marathi social reformers came from the city. Pune District Tourism: Tripadvisor has 2,24,941 reviews of Pune District Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Pune District Tourism resource. Although Pune was known as the bicycle city of India in the 1930s, motorcycles began replacing bicycles in the 1970s; the number of motorcycles increased from five per 1,000 people in 1965 to 118 per 1,000 in 1995. Districts, cities and towns in the boundaries of 2011. [52][53] Pune grew in size and influence as Maratha rule extended through the subcontinent in subsequent decades. It lies on the foothills of Sahyadri Mountains. [62] Many temples like Maruti, Vithoba, Vishnu, Mahadeo, Rama, Krishna and Ganesha temples were built during this era. Poona a socio-economic survey part I. Revenue collection was delegated to important chieftains who were henchmen of the Nizamshahi. [88] Power was used to electrify trains running between Mumbai and Pune and for industrial and residential use, and a dam was built on the Velvandi River in Bhor. Vishwanath received the area around Pune from the grateful mother of one of Shahu's ministers for saving her son's life. 200,000 to install water filtration works. [74] Click on an attraction to view it on map . Temperatures usually hover around 7 to 12 °C (45 to 54 °F), sometimes dipping to 3 °C (37 °F). The data on this website is provided by Google Maps, a free online map service one can access and view in a web browser. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFEdwardes_&_Garrett,_Mughal_Rule_in_India1995 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSarkar,_History_of_Aurangzib1920 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFPagadi,_Shivaji1983 (. In the exploratory stage you may visualize it to detect patterns, e.g. Rainfall : 650 To 700 mm. Ahmadnagar district on north-east,Solapur district on the south-east, Satara district on south, Raigad district on the west and Thane district on the northe-west. [69] The last Peshwa, Baji Rao II, was a strength and wrestling enthusiast. Top Places to Visit in Pune District, Maharashtra: See Tripadvisor's 2,25,075 traveller reviews and photos of Pune District attractions. All schools are required to undergo inspection by the Zilla Parishad or city corporation. [58], Order in Peshwa Pune was maintained by the kotwal, who was a police chief, magistrate and municipal commissioner and whose duties included investigating, levying and collecting fines for offences. Since most arable land is still rain-fed, the southwest monsoon season (between June and September) is crucial to the district's food sufficiency and quality of life. In 1885, Pune was a post-distribution hub for the district. Objects of Worship in South Asian Religions: Forms, Practices and Meanings 13 (2014). [121] Eight passenger trains run between Pune Junction and Daund as suburban trains, making the Pune-Daund section a third suburban route. List of all towns and Villages in Junnar Taluka of Pune district, Maharashtra. [12] The region became part of the Yadava Empire of Deogiri from the ninth to the 13th centuries. Pune Mahanagr Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML) Buses reach every part of the city mainly from: Swargate, Deccan Gymkhana, Pune Station, Shivaji Nagar Station, Pune Corporation. Home > Maharashtra > Pune. The city took over the service after the independence in 1947 as Poona Municipal Transport (PMT) which later became Pune Municipal Transport. The district was central to the founding of the Maratha Empire by Shivaji. Smaller towns in the district have Nagar Palikas (municipal councils). Based on the page Puna District. And, when you need to get home there are 179 bus and tram stops, and subway and railway stations in Pune. [110], Major cash crops include sugarcane and oil seeds, including groundnut and sunflower. At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 78.17% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 10.00% Hindi, 1.89% Urdu, 1.40% Kannada, 1.34% Marwari, 1.30% Telugu and 1.15% Gujarati as their first language.[97]. [82] Tangas were a common mode of public transport well into the 1950s, and bicycles were a private vehicle choice in the 1930s. Ambikabai,[46] one of his widows, committed sati at Rajaram's death. In recent decades it has also become a hub for Information technology. [2] The district's population-growth rate between 2001 and 2011 was 30.34 percent. Nanasaheb also developed new commercial, trading, and residential localities: Sadashiv Peth, Narayan Peth, Rasta Peth and Nana Peth. The forts and surrounding mountains are popular for trekking.[125]. Peshwa influence in India declined after the defeat of Maratha forces in the 1761 Battle of Panipat, but Pune remained the seat of power. The Pune metropolitan area was defined in 1967 as the city, the three cantonment areas and the villages on its outskirts. © District Administration Satara , Developed and hosted by National Informatics Centre, Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, Government of India. Around 1645, the teenaged Shivaji first expressed his concept of Hindavi Swarajya (Indian self-rule) in a letter.

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